SETI message formulas    updated Apr 6, 2016  D. Carrigan (Carrigan@fnal.gov - subject line must be sensible)

(My SETI interest is not funded by Fermilab or the U. S. Department of Energy. This portion of the site is needed to illustrate other interconnections related to Fermilab.)
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Electromagnetic energy requirements for a signal


energy needs

Electromagnetic energy per bit (example for fifty light year separation, 1000 kW transmitter, 3 cm wavelength, 10 degree antenna temperature, and Arecibo-sized antennas)

energy/bit

Darren Leigh's Harvard thesis
Do Potential SETI Signals Need to be Decontaminated, Carrigan, IAA-8-3-06 Bremen