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War II a new set of accelerators came on line including
the Chicago synchrocyclotron. The control room is shown on
the right with Enrico
Fermi at the console. In just twenty-five years this
family of accelerators had developed into the powerful
particle accelerator complex shown below at Fermilab. At the peak
the Fermilab Tevatron generated collisions of one TeV
protons and antiprotons.
The CERN Large Hadron Collider (LHC) spanning the Swiss-French border is now in operation. That machine is seven times more powerful than Fermilab was. The magnet is shown in cross section in the lower right panel.
Future accelerators beyond the LHC will be a substantial challenge for the remaining part of our 100 years.